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Institute for Democracy and Mediation

 Contact data
StreetRruga: “Shenasi Dishnica” Nr 37 
ZIP, City, State 0 - Tirana (Albania) 
Phone++355 4 2400241 
Fax++ 355 2400640 
 Contact person

Sotiraq Hroni (Executive Director)
 Employees in RTD
 Activities in Research and Development

 RTD sectors:
» Security research     
» Food quality and security     
» Agriculture     

 Area of expertise (keywords)
»  Consolidation of civil society and promotion of third sector’s impact on policies
»  Security studies and security sector reform & governance
»  Regional cooperation & Euro-Atlantic relations
»  Good governance, community empowerment and sustainable development
»  EU studies & European integration affairs
 RTD Experiences

 RTD focus of organization
IDM focus regards European Union studies, security sector reform and local government

 Description of RTD activities
Founded in November 1999, Institute for Democracy and Mediation (IDM) is an independent, non-governmental organization working to strengthen the civil society, to analyze and improve Albania’s integration processes, to assist reforming and the consolidation of good governance and inclusive policy making processes through expertise, innovative policy research, analysis and assessment-based policy options. IDM has become one of the key civil society organization in Albania related to security sector reform. IDM’s specialized Department Centre for European & Security Affairs but also the Department on Research and Innovation (cross cutting Departments) have extensive expertise in research, in comparative analysis in the evolving local and regional context. In addition, IDM has wide expertise in policy assessment, monitoring of institutional performance & of policy / legislative measures’ efficiency, public opinion analysis and gathering the outlook of specific societal categories (through polls / focus groups) our inputs.
IDM STRUCTURE consists of three core departments / programme areas:
 Center for European and Security Affairs (CESA)
The Center for European and Security Affairs represents the Institute’s specialized department in the domain of European and security issues. Its mission is to advance European and security studies, research and analysis related to key reforming processes thus encouraging both, informed debate and improved processes.
 Research and Innovation Initiative (RII)
Research and Innovation Initiative (RII) is a new cross-cutting division within IDM for advancing the Institute’s performance and quality of services. It has developed out of the research component of the activities carried out by the other departments of IDM, as an attempt to better integrate and refine the research carried out, but also as a means for expanding the focus of the organization in other areas in order to better respond to the forthcoming challenges.
 Local Governance and Integrated Development
IDM’s vision, as related to the Department of Local Governance and Integrated Development (LGID) and is to promote civic participation in the local decision-making processes and to increase the accountability of decision-making actors at local level vis-à-vis the citizenry.

The Institute has consolidated expertise and has continuously contributed to the advancement of achievements in the following KEY AREAS:
 Consolidation of civil society and promotion of third sector’s impact on policies
 Security studies and security sector reform & governance
 Regional cooperation & Euro-Atlantic relations
 Good governance, community empowerment and sustainable development
 EU studies & European integration affairs

The work of the Institute for Democracy and Mediation is guided and carried out by a team of ten full time employees and a wide network of associates. In addition, the statute of the Institute has established the Board of Directors as IDM’s supervising authority.

IDM has moved from January 2009 in its own premises which constitute a valuable asset for a qualitative environment for research, for necessary space to organize capacity building trainings and host focus groups but also build its own library. Additionally, IDM can offer all the necessary in-kind logistical means such as photocopies, computers and internet access, transport facilitation if needed etc.

 Experiences in international Programmes
Some of the key projects/activities in the field of research study and policy issues, IDM was focused in the last years are as follows:

 Project Title: “Security Management Network”
Duration: March 2009 – on going
Donor: DCAF, NATO Public Diplomacy Division, OSI Think Tank Fund
Partners: Albanian think tanks, universities and academic society, media, security institutions (MoD, State Police, MoI etc) and policy / decision makers etc.
Efforts to encourage a more active approach on human security and gender perspectives of security sector reforms through the involvement of the Security Management Network. As a result of the policy documents (6 research studies) prepared by the network and debated publicly in round table events a number of key stakeholders have shown particular interest by various audiences such as the governmental bodies, civil society, academia etc. The research work of SMN for 2010 will be focused on 4 main areas: Gender in Police and Armed Forces, Evaluation of National Security Threats and Perception, Assessment of Intelligence Service Mandate, Parliamentary Oversight of the Security Sector Budgeting.

 Project: “Public opinion survey on ‘Women in Police’ ”
Duration: 2009
Donor: OSCE
IDM was approached by OSCE to carry out two surveys (2009) (one with citizens and a second one with police officers) in order to assess perceptions on the women’s role in police and to outline better alternatives that will encourage women applicants to joint the state police (through increased number of female applicants in the Police academy)

 Project: “Gender and Police in Albania”
Duration: 2010 -Ongoing
Donor: DCAF
To address the issue of gender and police in Albania, IDM with the support of DCAF is implementing the project which has the main objectives:
a. Surveying the police women and men opinion on the same issue;
b. Assessing police academy curricula from a gender sensitive viewpoint;

 Project: “NATO new Strategic Concept – Regional Perspectives ”
Duration: 2010
Donor: NATO Public Diplomacy Division & US Embassy
In the framework of the process of revising NATO new strategic concept IDM (2009) involved 11 organizations from the region to establish national positions on NATO new Strategic Concept through a common questionnaire (delivered to 50 selected experts in the field in the Western Balkan Countries) that all the partner organizations employed. The results provided a safe ground on identifying the main issues surrounding the NATO New Strategic Concept in regards to the Balkan Region. In the same time the research provided a reliable methodological tool to establish a regional approach on NATO new strategic concept. The results were published in a regional conference that took place in Albania during March.

 Project: “Civil Society Index in Albania”
Duration: 2009 – 2010
Consolidation of civil society through implementing a comprehensive assessment (Civil Society Index) of the state of Albanian civil society (2009-2010). In addition to the fact that it constitutes IDM major research project, the Civil Society Index represents a “powerful” instrument to streamline the role and context of Albanian civil society and also the agenda of influential actors and donors (or potential supporters). As a result IDM has focused its best human resources and capacities to ensure a qualified work and sustainable impact of the project’s results.

 Workshop: Developing National Security Strategy 2008-2010
Duration: 2007
Donor DCAF: Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of Armed Forces
The importance and the challenges to the New National Security Strategy (NSS) were discussed by a selected audience of experts based on the Albanian experience and other countries’ best practices which was brought by DCAF (main partner in the project). The workshop (2008) was not only aimed at raising awareness amongst Albanian policy makers, but also to offer a valuable contribution to the Governmental Working Group in their work to draft the new NSS.

 Securing the community: reconciliation, trust and integration in the Western Balkans
Duration: April – July 2008
Donor / Partner: University of Oklahoma (USA)
The IDM’s specialized department, Center for European and Security Affairs, was contracted by the University of Oklahoma (USA) under a regional initiative involving Western Balkan countries, to carry out a national survey aimed to find tendencies among Albanian citizen about their perceptions and feelings towards the other Balkan states as well as international organizations and further, to discover indicators of the past’s impact. The survey findings have been included in a detailed report included in the final publication of the regional research work made available for the wide audience.

 Translation and publication in Albanian of “Recognizing value in policing: The challenge of measuring police performance”
Duration: November 2007 – April 2008
Donor: NISPAcee, Raiffeisen Bank Albania
The Police Executive Research Forum (PERF), a US think tank institution based in Washington, granted IDM the right to translate and publish in Albanian one of its most valued research works – “Recognizing value in policing: The challenge of measuring police performance”. Through this initiative IDM aimed to bring international best practices and contribute to the Albanian Police reforming processes. In addition, the publication (in Albanian) was disseminated also among interested institutions in Kosovo and Macedonia.

 Pro-AdriaS – Protecting the Adriatic Seaways project
Duration: April – June 2008
Partners: Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia (ISIG, Italy), Central European Initiative (CEI), Hellenberg International Ltd (Finland), European Maritime Partnership (EMP, Italy), Institute for International Relations (IMO, Croatia)

This project is based on the notion that Adriatic seaways, with their commercial and civil maritime routes, are being considered as one of the crucial infrastructural and logistic foundations for the wider European development. The aim of this project is to contribute to the development of a common framework for the protection of the Adriatic Sea as a whole and its maritime infrastructures in particular through identifying SWOT variables necessary to successfully manage emergency situation in Adriatic Sea. A specialized team of IDM experts were involved in the implementation of this initiative by focusing particularly on the following tasks:
- Contribution to the conceptual development of context specific notions of threats and communication strategies in Albania.
- Background research and data collection focused on identification of existing Operational-Strategic Plans (OSP) in Albania and identification of the Critical Infrastructure and its protection (CIP).
- Preparation of the acquired data as a prerequisite for definition of the model for risk analysis.

 Regional Summer School on Security Studies
Duration: September 2008
Donors & Partners: CEI, DCAF, General Staff of Albanian Armed Forces, International Centre for Black Sea Studies, UNITAR POCI, Start Siccureza and Albanian businesses.

Upon its own initiative and as a highlight of its successful activities for 2008, the Center for Security Studies of the Institute for Democracy and Mediation (IDM) under the support of CEI (Central European Initiative) has successfully completed the 1st Regional Summer School on Security Studies (RSS 2008), which took place in the premises of Joint Force Command, Durrës, Albania during the period of September 8 – 19, 2008. Through this intensive two week programme designed as a continuing learning process ranging from in-classroom modules/lectures to production of case studies, IDM intended to create an academic environment which would provide researchers and practitioners from the European Continent interested in security issues in the Southeast European region) with an updated perspectives of contemporary security challenges.

 Relations of Albania with the EU 1992 – 2007
Duration: December 2007 – July 2008
Partner: Center for EU Enlargement Studies and the Central European
This study was prepared under the regional project “Integration perspectives and synergic effects of European transformation in the countries targeted by EU enlargement and neighborhood policies”. The Center for EU Enlargement Studies (CEUENS) at the Central European University in Budapest (Hungary) assigned IDM the task to prepare an analysis of the Albania’s relations with the European Union and the overall progress of the country’s EU integration process. The study offers an assessment of the key development of the EU integration process since the early 1990s up to date, with special emphasis on – Institutional Structure of EU-Relations; Contractual and Political Relations with the EU; Economic Relations; Approximation of Legislation; EU conditionality. The research also aims to draw conclusions regarding the achievement of systematic change and European integration perspectives of Albania.

 “Civil Alliance 08: Together towards NATO”
Duration: 2007 ongoing
Partner: FORUM Center for Strategic Research and Documentation,
Skopje; Institute for International Relations, Zagreb
Donors: Businesses and various donors

This is an initiative for opening up the processes of NATO integration to our societies and region at large, for stimulating the non-for-profit sector in A3 countries to take relevant responsibilities and to be active partners of governments in the integration processes and for engaging in lobbing in Brussels and Washington D.C for the acceptance pf A3 countries in NATO. Civil Alliance 08 has found support from the Ministers of Defense from the A3 countries.

 Albanian Perceptions on NATO Integration
Duration: March – June 2007
Donor: NATO Public Diplomacy Division
IDM in the period March-May 2007 conducted a public opinion survey on perceptions of Albanians on NATO integration process. The opinion survey was supported by the NATO Public Diplomacy Division in Brussels. Our aim was to map out and to assess the Albanian public’s perceptions on NATO, within the general perceptions on security, acquaintance with NATO, role of state institutions towards Euro-Atlantic integration, regional security, as well as the involvement of the Albanian Armed Forces (AF) in operations outside state territory.

 Security Policy and Capacity Building for SS institutions
Duration: 2007 – 2008
Donor: DCAF, Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of Armed Forces
IDM continued its partnership with DCAF – Geneva Center for Democratic Control of Armed Forces and during 2007-2008 delivered a series of trainings and workshops in the area of security. Particular attention has been dedicated to security sector reform, the national security strategy, institutional capacities, as well as democratic control of security sector institutions. DCAF support and expertise has been particularly essential and has therefore largely contributed to the success of a number of programs and initiatives of IDM – Workshop on the National Security Strategy, Regional Summer School, series of trainings with State Police, Intelligence Services etc.

 Community Policing Academy III
Duration: 2007 – 2008 (finalization of a three year programme)
Donor: US State Department
(Lead) Partner: University of Pittsburgh
The two year program (2007-2008) of the University of Pittsburgh (PA, USA) and the Institute for Democracy and Mediation designed to improve institutional capacities on community policing was successfully concluded in 2008. Three Study tours in Pittsburgh (US) of Albanian State Police and Ministry of Interior officials, local government representatives and civil society organizations have been organized by IDM since 2006 (the last one in June 2008), as well as a number of training workshops conducted by IDM experts and US trainers.

 Survey: “Community Policing – Realities and Challenges”.
Duration: May – June 2005
In May-June 2005, IDM in cooperation with the Police Academy in Tirana and students of Social Sciences, University of Tirana, conducted a survey on “Community Policing – Realities and Challenges”. This survey was focused in 4 Tirana police commissariats and other 5 Municipalities. It had 4 focus groups namely: police officers, community, business community and high school pupils and teachers. The scope of this pilot survey was to make an evaluation of the real situation as far as the impact of community policing oriented projects has had in the public and police.

 Survey: Situation of the private security companies in Albania
Duration: 2005
Donor / Partner: Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC)
“In 2005 IDM was commissioned by South Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC)/ Saferworld / International Alert to conduct a survey on the situation of the private security companies in Albania, in the framework of a comparative study “Small Arms and Light Weapons and Private Security Companies in South Eastern Europe: A Cause or Effect of Insecurity?”

 Survey: Governance of the Armed Forces, State Police, Border Police and Intelligence Service in Albania
Duration: 2006
Donor: DCAF
In 2006 IDM, as a local partner of Geneva Center for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces undertook a survey about the governance of the Armed Forces, State Police, Border Police and Intelligence Service in Albania, in the framework of a comparative study in SEE.

 Organisation is/was involved in projects funded by the following RTD programmes
  Coordinator  Partner 
EU Framework Programme (FP)
National RTD Programmes

 Inserted / Updated
2010-04-22 / 2010-04-26